The Principality’s energy transition
At the behest of H.S.H. the Sovereign Prince, Monaco is committed at the international level to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2030 (compared with 1990 levels), and achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. These are ambitious objectives which are setting the Principality on a path towards energy transition. This involves changing the energy model through reduced consumption and the use of renewable sources. To accomplish this, the Prince’s Government created the Mission for Energy Transition in 2016, an entity tasked with drawing up a road map in this area, mobilising the Monegasque community and implementing concrete actions.
Set in 2016 as part of the signature of the Paris Agreement and following on from previous commitments (ratification of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1994 and the Kyoto Protocol in 2006; establishment of the Energy and Climate Plan in 2008), the Principality’s greenhouse gas targets for 2030 and 2050 require emissions to be reduced at a rate four times faster than has so far been the case. This pace is only feasible with the engagement and contribution of all stakeholders in Monaco: the public and quasi-public sector, associations and individuals, and civil society.
This essential mobilisation is being led by the Mission for Energy Transition, a government department attached to the Ministry of Public Works, the Environment and Urban Development, and comprising a team of specialists in energy, sustainable development solutions and associated financing.
The Mission is also responsible for supporting and managing projects aimed at developing energy efficiency and reducing energy use in all business sectors in the Principality, increasing local production of renewable energy, decarbonising energy imports and raising public awareness. It is also tasked with proposing the regulatory changes needed to meet the national climate objectives (particularly in the field of construction).
In order to ensure that this ambitious and proactive policy can be achieved over the long term, the Mission has been allocated a budget financed by the National Green Fund which is in turn financed partly through the State budget surplus and a tax on electricity consumption.
Energy Transition White Paper
The first stage in mobilising the Monegasque community was the drafting of the Energy Transition White Paper on the basis of a consultation conducted with some 59 key organisations (around 90 people) between August and December 2016. The White Paper was published in March and can be found on the Government Internet portal.
The aim of this exercise was to gather perceptions, expectations, best practices and ideas for action from stakeholders in the country. It will help to shape a shared energy transition road map which, at the national level, will focus on the three sectors which emit the most greenhouse gases in Monaco: transport, energy consumption in buildings, and waste-to-energy generation (each accounts for approximately 30% of total emissions).
In another initiative, the Government tasked the Société Monégasque de l'Electricité et du Gaz (SMEG) with carrying out a major energy consumption survey in the Principality. This study, whose objective is to improve understanding of the subject to enable more effective action, covers the entire Monegasque community and will be conducted over a number of years (the Data+ project kicked off with professionals and companies in 2015, and around 20% of the population was consulted between May and July this year).
Solar resource map of the Principality
In June, the Mission for Energy Transition launched www.cadastresolaire.mc, a website featuring an interactive map which allows users to easily identify, for every roof in Monaco, the potential solar resource, the exploitable area where photovoltaic panels could be installed, and possible annual electricity production. All of the information is accompanied by explanations covering how to get equipment installed and obtain a State subsidy. It is an innovative tool which offers owners, building management companies and individuals, as well as the Government, the ability to quickly visualise data that will aid decision-making.
Joint Government/SMEG enterprise
Also in June, the Government announced the creation of a company jointly operated by the Government and SMEG. The purpose of the company is to invest in renewable electricity production assets outside Monaco in order to increase the share of imported green energy and secure the cost of the Principality’s electricity supply.
In line with the wishes of H.S.H. the Sovereign Prince, a National Energy Transition Pact involving the public authorities, institutions, companies and associations will soon be developed. It will enable all stakeholders who wish to do so to get involved in Monaco’s energy transition, in accordance with the Principality’s objectives on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Government action will also continue over the coming months with the banning of fuel oil for use in heating, updating of energy regulations for new buildings and renovation of existing buildings, the establishment of a financial assistance mechanism for carrying out building energy audits, the development of two ocean thermal energy networks, and the launch of a thermal renovation programme for Government buildings and an exemplary positive energy public construction project.
Government Communication Department